History of New Hampshire
The U.S. State of New Hampshire was admitted as the 9th state of the union on June 21st, 1788. The area of modern day New Hampshire was originally inhabited by several nations of Algonquin-speaking Native Americans. The French and English first explored the area in the early 1600’s, with the British establishing the first settlement at Odiorne’s Point in 1623. A decade later, several other settlements were established resulting in the official formation of the “Royal Province.” The area of New Hampshire then became one of the thirteen North American colonies under British rule.
Although only one battle was fought there, New Hampshire played a prominent role in the American Revolution. In December of 1774, General Sullivan started a raid and rebellion on Fort William and Mary to capture and seize much needed ammunition, weapons, and supplies for the still young colonial revolution. The rebellion succeeded and much of the gunpowder seized went on to be dispersed throughout the ranks. It has been said that the shots fired during this raid were among the first of the American Revolution.
After the British were defeated and the United States declared independence, New Hampshire became one of the first regions to establish their own state government. Then, in 1788, they reviewed and ratified the newly drafted U.S. Constitution and were subsequently admitted as the 9th state of the union.
Present – New Hampshire
The state of New Hampshire is the 5th smallest of the fifty states and the 10th least populous. The city of Concord serves as the capital of New Hampshire with the city of Manchester being its largest city and largest metropolitan area by population. In 2017, the United States Census Bureau estimated the population of New Hampshire to be 1,342,795.
Being a very sparsely populated state, New Hampshire has much to offer those in search of nature and the outdoors. For instance, Mt. Washington offers visitors a one of a kind experience as the highest point in the entire northeastern United States. Visitors can either drive up or choose to hike up and camp along the way. In addition, New Hampshire’s Lake Winnipesaukee is a popular summertime destination for individuals and families alike.
New Hampshire becomes one of the hottest topics among politics during every Presidential election cycle. The state chooses to hold its primary, along with Iowa’s caucus, before any other state, making it an early test for both Republican and Democratic candidates. Often times, candidates try to use the results in the New Hampshire primary as an early indicator of their successes and failures along the campaign trail.
Interesting Facts about New Hampshire
New Hampshire has played an important role in government in politics since its time as a British Colony. Their state motto of, “Live Free or Die,” has been engrained into the political ideology of the state. Typically, they favor small government and the preservation of individual liberty. To achieve this, the Free State Project was founded in 2001 to help bring people with a libertarian ideology of politics into local, state, and federal government.
The first free public library in the United States was founded in Dublin, New Hampshire in 1822.
In 1833, the Peterborough Town Library became the first publicly funded library in the world.
Alan Shepherd, the first American in space was born in Derry, New Hampshire.