Georgia (GA) is a U.S. state located in the southeastern portion of the United States. GA, the last of the original thirteen colonies, began as a British colony in 1733 and was named after King George II of Great Britain. This southern state is the 24th largest and the 8th most populous of the 50 United States. GA is known as the Peach State and the Empire State of the South. Georgia’s state capital is Atlanta, its most populous and best known city.
Origin – Georgia
GA was originally inhabited by the mound building cultures before the area was settled by Europeans. On February 12, 1733, the British colony of GA was founded by James Oglethorpe. The colony was administered by the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in America under a charter issued by its namesake, King George II. The Trustees implemented a comprehensive plan for the colony’s settlement, which was known as the Oglethorpe Plan, that detailed an agrarian society of farmers and prohibited slavery.
Government of Georgia
Like all U.S. states and the federal government, Georgia’s government consists of legislative, executive, and judicial power. The governor holds executive authority in the state. Both the governor of GA and lieutenant governor are elected to four-year terms of office. Like many other U.S. States, most of the executive officials who comprise the governor’s cabinet are elected by the citizens of GA rather than appointed by the governor.
Counties in Georgia
GA is comprised of 159 counties. GA previously had 161 counties until the end of 1931, when the counties of Milton and Campbell were merged into existing Fulton County. Counties have been named for prominent figures in both American and Georgian history, and many with Native American origin. Counties in Georgia have their own elected legislative branch, called the Board of Commissioners, which has executive authority in the county. Georgia’s Constitution provides all Georgian counties and cities with “home rule” authority. This means the county commissions have considerable power to pass legislation within their county, as a municipality would.
Capital of Georgia
Atlanta, the capital city, continues to be an important factor in GA as well as throughout the southeastern United States. Atlanta has shown great growth in real estate, business, service, logistics and the communications and film industries, while tourism continues to be viable industry to the economy. Atlanta is considered a “global city,” meaning a city that is generally considered to be an important component in the worldwide global economic system.
Business in Georgia
Recently, GA has been ranked the topmost state in the nation to conduct business in and has been recognized as the leader in business and labor climate in the nation as well as in workforce training and as having a “Best in Class” state economic development agency.
Georgia has a median annual income per person recorded in 2016 as between $50,000-$59,999.
Tourism in Georgia
GA is famous for its peaches as well as tourist attractions such as: The World of Coke, GA Aquarium, Zoo Atlanta and Stone Mountain. Stone Mountain is Georgia’s most popular attraction, receiving millions of tourists per year.