United Nations – U.N.

United Nations - U.N.
United Nations – U.N.

The United Nations, a.k.a. U.N., is tasked to encourage cooperation and create and maintain international order.

The United Nations’ existing structure replaced the League of Nations, which was created after WWII to prevent another such conflict.  When the UN was created, it had 51 member states.  There are 193 member states and two observer states.

Current Leaders are:

  • Secretary-General: Antonio Guterres
  • Deputy Secretary-General: Amina J. Mohammed
  • General Assembly President: Maria Fernanda Espinosa
  • Economic and Social Council President: Marie Chatardova
  • Security Council President: Olof Skoog

The world headquarters is in New York City.  Additional offices are located in Geneva, Nairobi, and Vienna.

UN is funded by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.

Its mission includes:

  • Maintaining International Peace and Security
  • Promoting Human Rights
  • Fostering Social and Economic Development
  • protecting the Environment
  • Provide Humanitarian Aid in Cases of Famine, Natural Disaster and Armed Conflict

The UN is the largest, most popular, most internationally represented, and most powerful intergovernmental organization.

Six organs that contribute to accomplishing these mission objectives:

  1. UN General Assembly (U.N.G.A.) is the only principal organ that all members have equal representation.  U.N.G.A.’s powers are to oversee the budget of the United Nations.  Press Releases by the General Assembly.
  2. United Nations Security Council (U.N.S.C.) was created in 1945.  It is the principal organ that includes 15 seats and five permanent members: China, France, Russia, the UK, and the U.S.  The first meeting was held on January 17, 1946.  Press Releases by the Security Council.
  3. Economic and Social Council (E.C.O.S.O.C.) is responsible for coordinating the economic, social, and related work of 15 United Nations agencies.  There are 54 members.  There are 18 new members selected each year for 3-year terms.  The sessions are held each year in July for seven weeks.  Press Releases by the Economic and Social Council.
  4. Secretariat sets the agenda for the United Nations deliberative and decision-making bodies of the UN, including the General Assembly, Economic and Social Council, and the Security Council, and the implementation of the decision bodies.  Appointed by the General Assembly, the Secretary-General is the head of the Secretariat.
  5. The International Court of Justice is the judicial organ of the United Nations.  It is responsible for settling legal disputes between members and gives opinions to authorize United Nations organs and specialized agencies.  It has a panel of 15 judges elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council for 9-year terms.  It is located in the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands.
  6. United Nations Trusteeship Council was created to ensure that trusted territories were administered in their inhabitants’ best interests and international peace and security.

UN Organizations & Specialized Agencies:

  1. Food and Agriculture Organization – FAO
  2. International Atomic Energy Agency – IAEA
  3. International Civil Aviation Organization – ICAO
  4. International Fund for Agriculture Development – IFAD
  5. International Labour Organization – ILO
  6. International Maritime Organization – IMO
  7. International Monetary Fund – IMF
  8. International Telecommunication Union – ITU
  9. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization – UNESCO
  10. United Nations Industrial Development Organization – UNIDO
  11. World Tourism Organization – UNWTO
  12. World Bank Group – WBG
  13. World Food Programme – WFP
  14. World Health Organization – WHO
  15. World Intellectual Property Organization – WIPO
  16. World Meteorological Organization – WMO

External Links:

  1. UN Website
  2. UN Press Releases – Secretary-General PRGeneral AssemblySecurity CouncilEconomic & Social Council
  3. World Meteorological Organization – Wikipedia
  4. UN Office at Geneva – Wikipedia
  5. UN Office Nairobi – Wikipedia
  6. UN in Vienna – Wikipedia
  7. UN YouTube Channel

Internal Links:

  1. UN Office at Geneva
  2. UN Office Nairobi
  3. UN in Vienna
  4. Home
  5. Sitemap