State of Alabama

History of Alabama – 22nd State of the Union

The State of Alabama (AL) was admitted as the 22nd state of the union on December 14th, 1819.  Sitting along the Gulf coast in the southeastern United States, present-day Alabama’s land was home to several tribes of Native American societies such as the Cherokee, Iroquois, Creek, and other regional tribes.

The Spanish were the first European civilization to reach Alabama and contact the Native American tribes.  They passed through the region during their mid-16th-century exploration.  The French eventually established the first European settlement in Alabama in 1702, which they named “Old Mobile.”

After the territory exchanged hands between the French, the British, The Spanish, and later the Americans in 1813, it remained the AL Territory until its inception to statehood.

Huntsville served as a temporary capital while the state’s constitution was written between 1819 and 1820, after which a permanent capital was established in Cahaba, AL.  From 1820 through 1825, Cahaba served as AL’s first capital.  Eventually moving once again to Tuscaloosa, it was announced in 1846 that Montgomery would serve as the new capital of AL.  Currently, Montgomery has served as the capital of AL for over 170 years.

Present Day – AL

Currently, AL ranks as 30th regarding the most significant state by land area and 24th regarding the populace, and it has the most inland waterways than any other state, nearly 1,500 miles.  Some of its largest cities include Birmingham, the capital of Montgomery, Huntsville, Mobile, and Tuscaloosa.  With almost five million, several well-known companies and organizations are among the highest employers in the state.  As of 2011, The University of AL at Birmingham, Maxwell Air Force Base, the Mobile County School District, and AL are the largest employers, employing several thousand AL citizens.  Among them are Auburn University, AT&T, Birmingham City Schools, Hyundai Motor Manufacturing Alabama, Mercedes-Benz U.S. International, Montgomery Public Schools, the University of Alabama – Tuscaloosa, and Walmart.

As noted, with Mercedes-Benz and Hyundai being two significant employers in the state, Honda and Toyota also have manufacturing locations.  The automotive industry has provided a rather substantial economic boost to the state since the 1990s.

In addition to industry, Alabama also boasts a robust agrarian community.  Although known as “The Cotton State,” Alabama’s main crop outputs include poultry, eggs, cattle, fish, peanuts, grains, dairy, and peaches.

Government of AL

Kay Ivey, a Republican, is currently serving as Alabama’s governor.  She was appointed in 2017 and is the second female governor in Alabama’s history and the first Republican female governor.  Each of the state’s two federal Senators comes from different political parties.  Doug Jones was recently elected in 2017 as a Democrat and Republican Richard Shelby, who has been in office since 1986.  Alabama is represented by seven members in the U.S. House of Representatives, six of which are Republican, with the remaining member a Democrat.  Throughout its history, Alabama has remained a staple in conservative politics and a strong symbol of the South.

Links to Alabama government offices: