United Nations – U.N.

The United Nations, a.k.a. U.N. is tasked to encourage cooperation and to create and maintain international order

The United Nations existing structure replaced the League of Nations, which was created after WWII with the motive to prevent another such conflict.  When the UN was created, it had 51 member states.  There are 193 member states and 2 observer states.

Current Leaders are:

  • Secretary-General: Antonio Guterres
  • Deputy Secretary-General: Amina J. Mohammed
  • General Assembly President: Maria Fernanda Espinosa
  • Economic and Social Council President: Marie Chatardova
  • Security Council President: Olof Skoog

The world headquarters is New York City.  Additional offices are located in Geneva, Nairobi and Vienna.

UN is funded by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.

It’s mission include:

  • Maintaining International Peace and Security
  • Promoting Human Rights
  • Fostering Social and Economic Development
  • protecting the Environment
  • Provide Humanitarian Aid in Cases of Famine, Natural Disaster and Armed Conflict

The United Nation is the largest, most popular, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world.

Six organs that contribute to accomplishing these mission objectives:

  1. United Nations General Assembly (U.N.G.A.) is the only principal organ that all members have equal representation.  U.N.G.A. powers are to oversee the budget of the United Nations.  Press Releases by the General Assembly.
  2. United Nations Security Council (U.N.S.C.) was created in 1945.  It is the principal organ that includes 15 seats, 5 permanent members, which are China, France, Russia, UK, and the U.S.  The first meeting held was January 17, 1946.  Press Releases by the Security Council.
  3. Economic and Social Council (E.C.O.S.O.C.) is responsible for coordinating the economic, social and related work of 15 United Nations agencies. There are 54 members. There are 18 new members selected each year for 3 year terms. The sessions are held each year in July for seven weeks.  Press Releases by the Economic and Social Council.
  4. Secretariat sets the agenda for the United Nations deliberative and decision making bodies of the UN, which include, General Assembly, Economic and Social Council, and the Security Council, and the implementation of the decision bodies.  Appointed by the General Assembly, the Secretary-General is the head of the Secretariat.
  5. International Court of Justice is the judicial organ of the United Nations.  It is responsible for settling legal disputes between members and gives opinions to authorize United Nations organs and specialized agencies.  It has a panel of 15 judges that are elected by General Assembly and the Security Council for 9-year terms.  It is located in the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands.
  6. United Nations Trusteeship Council was created to ensure that trusted territories were administered in the best interests of their inhabitants and of international peace and security.

United Nations Organizations & Specialized Agencies:

  1. Food and Agriculture Organization – FAO
  2. International Atomic Energy Agency – IAEA
  3. International Civil Aviation Organization – ICAO
  4. International Fund for Agriculture Development – IFAD
  5. International Labour Organization – ILO
  6. International Maritime Organization – IMO
  7. International Monetary Fund – IMF
  8. International Telecommunication Union – ITU
  9. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization – UNESCO
  10. United Nations Industrial Development Organization – UNIDO
  11. World Tourism Organization – UNWTO
  12. World Bank Group – WBG
  13. World Food Programme – WFP
  14. World Health Organization – WHO
  15. World Intellectual Property Organization – WIPO
  16. World Meteorological Organization – WMO

External Links:

  1. United Nations Website
  2. United Nations Press Releases – Secretary-General PRGeneral AssemblySecurity CouncilEconomic & Social Council
  3. World Meteorological Organization – Wikipedia
  4. United Nations Office at Geneva – Wikipedia
  5. United Nations Office Nairobi – Wikipedia
  6. United Nations in Vienna – Wikipedia
  7. United Nations YouTube Channel

Internal Links:

  1. Sitemap
  2. United Nations Office at Geneva
  3. United Nations Office Nairobi
  4. United Nations in Vienna