Journalistic ethics and standards consist of good practices that apply to journalists. Media ethics – known as journalism’s professional “code of ethics” along with the “canons of journalism.”
The codes vary, but the most common characteristics are:
- Public Accountability
A broader principle is the “limitation of harm.” Potentially involving withholding specific details like:
- Names of minor children
- Crime victims’ names
- Any information that may harm someone’s reputation
Notable European codes include discriminatory references in stories based on race, religion, sexual orientation, and mental or physical disabilities.
The Ethics of Journalism, Resolution 1003, was approved in 1993 by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.