The U.S. State of Rhode Island (officially the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations) was admitted as the 13th state of the union on May 29th, 1790. In the 1600’s a theologian named Roger Williams was exiled from the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious views. He traveled to and settled on land given to him by the Chief of the Narragansett Native Americans in 1636, where he founded Providence Plantations. It was here that another one of the thirteen original colonies was established in the Colony of Rhode Island.
Following its establishment as a colony, the people of Rhode Island kept with its tradition of independence set forth by Roger Williams and began to strongly disagree and despise British rule. They became the first of the thirteen colonies to formally announce their breaking of allegiance with Great Britain. After the American victory in the American Revolution, Rhode Island became the 13th state officially admitted to the union when they were the last of the thirteen colonies to sign and officially ratify the United States Constitution.
Throughout the remainder of the 18th century, Rhode Island played a large role in America’s industrial revolution where a man named Moses Brown of Providence, Rhode Island helped to create the second cotton mill in America. As time progressed, Rhode Island also contributed greatly to Abraham Lincoln’s cause of preserving the Union during the Civil War by mustering upwards of 20,000 men to fight the Confederacy. Once again in World War I, Rhode Island mustered up nearly 30,000 men to fight overseas in Europe.
In 2015, the United States Census Bureau estimated the population of Rhode Island to be 1,056,298. The capital city of Providence is the largest city in the state as well as the most populated metropolitan area in the state.
Originally, the economy of Rhode Island was based primarily around fishing. In the modern day, Rhode Island’s economy is structured around the healthcare industry, tourism, and education. Rhode Island’s tourism industry supports nearly 40,000 jobs and generates billions of dollars in revenue. In addition to these industries, Rhode Island does maintain a small manufacturing sector, mainly in the construction of nuclear submarines, shipbuilding, boat-building, and machinery production. Some of the largest employers in the state include the Government of Rhode Island, Lifespan Hospital Group, CVS Caremark – who have a headquarters in Rhode Island, Citizens Financial Group, and Brown University.
Rhode Island currently has four Higher Education institutions that compete in Division I NCAA collegiate athletics. Among them are Brown University, the University of Rhode Island, Bryant University, and Providence College. In addition, Brown University is a member of the Ivy League schools. The Rhode Island School of Design is also one of the most prestigious Higher Education institutions in the nation for the arts.
Two members of the Democratic Party in the United States Senate currently represent the state of Rhode Island. In addition, the 2-member delegation sent to the United States House of Representatives is also comprised of members of the Democratic Party. In every Presidential election since 1988, Rhode Island has voted for the Democratic Party candidate.